South Africa adheres to a number of international treaties, agreements and arrangements that has an impact on its policy on non-proliferation, disarmament and arms control and includes, amongst others, the following:

It must be noted that although South Africa is not a member of the Australia Group (AG), some of the chemicals on the AG list are included as part of the non-proliferation chemical regulation. These are chemicals that are toxic and are also precursors of chemical weapons.